I found it so inspiring article Joe Myers “5 female coders you have probably never heard of who changed the world” (5 programmers women who changed the world who probably do not know) I have not been able to resist the temptation to translate.
Computer programming is a male-dominated field, It is not like this?
As well, in absolute terms so. Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the United States shows that the 73% of workers in the US computer programmers they are male. Across technology in general, Women are poorly represented.
However, a recent research It suggests that women are considered best programmers- but only if they hide their gender.
Below we highlight the profiles of the five women who have made significant contributions to this field – and indeed they helped to change the world.
Margaret Hamilton was director of software engineering for the project that wrote the code Apollo Computer Guide (AGC). Developed at MIT Instrumentation Laboratory for the mission Apolo 11, the programmers, literally, They had to start from scratch.
The team wrote the code for the first laptop. His work made possible the first moon landing and resulted in a new industry. Hamilton became an expert in systems programming, but as she explained to Wired :
“When I first arrived, nobody knew what we were doing. It was like the Wild West. There were no rules. Everything we learned by ourselves.”
Adm Drag. Grace Murray Hopper It pioneered the development of accessible programming languages written in English.
He was convinced that information technology should be extended to non-scientific business applications and required simpler programming languages. Based on the idea that computers do not understand English, and it took years before they accept your ideas.
But through perseverance he developed a programming means using words instead of numbers – known as the COBOL language ( Co mmon B usiness O rientated L anguage).
She is described in the TV show David Letterman as the “Queen of Software”.
The ENIAC women
This is a group of six young women who developed the first fully electronic programmable computer as part of the military program of World War II US Army. When the ENIAC was presented, These women did not receive any recognition.
The daughter of the English poet Lord Byron, Ada Lovelace was a Victorian mathematics. He worked with Charles Babbage on their machines calculators, and he referred to it as the “Lovely numbers”.
At that time few women studying science or mathematics, and today Lovelace is considered as the founder of computer science and the first computer programmer in the world.
The British Science Museum argues that modern computer configured century, By understanding the capacity of machines calculators “manipulate symbols instead of just numbers”.
His notes on the Italian translation of a description of the machine They include what is considered as the first algorithm designed for machine processing. He also suggested the possibility of a device of this type for creating graphics or music.
Immortalized in the movie The Imitation Game Keira Knightley, Joan Clarke worked alongside Alan Turing at Bletchley Park – British deciphered center during World War II.
Clarke (Later Murray) He worked on the project to break encryption systems Nazi Enigma. A mathematician at Cambridge, she and the rest of the crew built some of the first computers, known as bombes . These were used to decipher German codes. It is often suggested that their efforts shortened the war up to two years.
Clarke was originally used as a clerk at Bletchley. Once it was promoted to work on deciphering codes, had to be officially designated as a linguist and that there was no established procedures for female cryptanalyst.
Although it may seem obvious, I dare say without prejudice of any kind that when a woman intends excellence, most likely get it. There are anthropological reasons, the fact that women have always needed to work twice (physically and intellectually) men to earn a place in society.
incomprehensibly, our sick society continues to debate parity in the XXI, as if we had millions of samples that place women in the same plane as the man (in many cases, clearly superior).
For these five women allows comparative distraction of any kind, ni the sex appeal, or religion or training, ni role… you're welcome. Five women who made what seemed reserved for men who defied the conventions of his time. The saddest? that we hardly heard of them. Perhaps we need more historians…